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Page: 54
Volume XXVI, Issue 3(176) 2016
Association between household sanitation, water supply, mothers’ hygiene behavior and nutritional status of under 5 children in Vietnam, 2010
Author: Nguyen Huy Nga, Do Manh Cuong, Nguyen Thi Lien Huong, Duong Chi Nam, Nguyen Bich Thuy and Trinh Huu Vach
Summary:
In seeking the evidences for sustainable interventions, a study on household sanitation, water supply, mothers’ hygiene behavior and the nutritional status of children under-5 was jointly conducted by Ministry of Health and UNICEF in 2010. This study applied cross-sectional method with mul-ti-variable and single-variable logistic regression models to determine the relations between water, sanitation, hygiene conditions and the nutritional status of 3,356 children of 2,869 households in 6 provinces of Vietnam. The results showed that the child stunting and under-weight rates were 35.4% and 21.3% respectively, a little higher than those reported from national data. 15.1% and 30.4% of households used surface and other unhygienic waters for drinking and domestic purposes respectively. Coverage of household having latrine was 70.3%, however only 30.9% of these met national standards. Hand washing with soap practice of mothers at critical times varied from 14.9% to 36.2%. There were clear relations between the nutritional status of children under-5 and water, sanitation, hygiene-related factors. By applying the population attributable risk (PAR), it was calculated that the rates of underweight and stunting could be reduced by 0 - 33% if existing water supply, latrine and hand washing with soap conditions to be improved.
Keywords:
Children under 5, hygiene behavior, nutritional status, sanitation, Vietnam, water
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E160354.pdf
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Happy New Year 2019! Year of the Pig
The Vietnam Journal of Preventive Medicine wish all readers with healthy, happiness and prosperity in the year of the Pig. Happy New Year 2019
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